Posted in Labour Laws UAE

Emirates Information

If you live and work in UAE or are doing business in UAE, you must make yourselves familiar with the Labour Laws that are present here. The UAE Labour Law provides you with your rights and protection through Ministry of Labour. Every company under the purview of Ministry of Labour is subject to UAE Labour Law. Even free zone entities refer to UAE Labour Law in their rules and regulations. Gratuity Calculation can be a daunting task if you are trying to calculate an employee’s gratuity considering the various parameters UAE Labour Law has to it. There can be many possible conditions to calculate gratuity. In this article I will provide you a most comprehensive and easy way to understand and calculate gratuity. By the end of reading this article, you’d have understood various scenarios and possibilities of calculating gratuity.

One of the most important topics under UAE Labour Law is Gratuity Calculation or End of Service Benefits/Remuneration – EOSB. While End of Service Benefits is a broader term, in this article I will use Gratuity as a term which entitles every employee with a rightful amount at the end of their employment with a company. When you resign or are terminated, you are eligible for Gratuity as per UAE Labour Law. This guide will provide you step by step guidance to calculate gratuity in case of:

  • Resignation;
    • Unlimited Contract.
    • Limited Contract.
  • Termination;
    • Unlimited Contract
    • Limited Contract.

Further there are many situations under this that are possible like term of employment. At the end of this short tutorial, you will learn how to calculate gratuity under various circumstances.

You can learn more about Unlimited Contract or Limited Contract.

Basis of Gratuity Calculation

Gratuity is calculated based on the latest drawn Basic Wage. UAE labour Law also lists basic rule for Gratuity Calculation. As per the Article 132 of UAE Labour Law, it is mentioned that:

The employee who has completed one year or more in the continuous service, is entitled to the end of service remuneration at the end of his service. Days of absence from work without pay are not included in computing the period of service, and the remuneration is to be calculated as follows:

gratuity-calculation-basis-emirates-diary

1. Gratuity Calculation – Unlimited Contract

1.1 Resignation with Less than a year of Service

Gratuity is applicable only when an employee completes One Year of continuous service with a company. This is mentioned in the Section 2 – End of Service Remuneration of the UAE Labour Law Article 132.

gratuity-calculation-basic-salary

1.2 Resignation with service of more than 1 year but less than 3 years

If an employee on Unlimited contract who has resigned with a service of more than 1 year and less than 3 years, he/she is eligible for 1/3rd of 21 day’s basic salary for every year of service.

Illustration of the above:

  • Basic salary = AED 10,000 per month
  • Joining date = 01-01-2010
  • End date = 31-03-2011
  • Total number of days worked = 455 days
  • Total number of years worked = 1.25 years
  • 21 days’ Basic salary = AED 6904.1
  • Wages per day = AED 10,000*12/365= 328.76
  • Amount of wages for number of years: 21*328.76*1.25 = 8,606.49
  • Gratuity Amount: 1/3*8606.49 = 2,868.83

1.3 Resignation with service of more than 3 years but less than 5 years

If an employee under unlimited contract has resigned with a total service of more than 3 years and less than 5 years, he/she will be eligible for a gratuity amount of 2/3rd of the 21 day’s basic salary for every year worked.

Illustration of the above scenario:

  • Basic salary = AED 10,000 per month
  • Joining date = 01-01-2008
  • End date = 31-03-2011
  • Total number of days worked = 1,186 days
  • Total number of years worked = 3.25 years
  • 21 days’ Basic salary = AED 6904.1
  • Wages per day = AED 10,000*12/365= 328.76
  • Amount: 21*328.76*3.25 = 22,433
  • Gratuity Amount: 2/3*22,433 = 14,955.75

1.4 Resignation with service of more than 5 years

If an employee under unlimited contract has resigned with a total service of more than 5 years, for the first 5 years he/she is eligible for 21 day’s basic salary for every year worked and 30 day’s basic salary for every number years worked after that.

Illustration:

    • Basic salary = AED 10,000 per month
    • Joining date = 01-01-2005
    • End date = 31-03-2011
    • Total number  of days worked (31-03-2011-01-01-2005+1)= 2281 days
    • Total number of years he worked=1916/365= 6.25
    • 21 days’ Basic salary = 328.76*21= AED 6,904.1
    • 30 days’ basic salary=328.76*30= AED 9,863.01
    • Wages per day = AED 10,000*12/365= 328.76
    • Total gratuity=21*328.76*5=34,520.55+(2,218/365-5)*30*328.76=2,459.00=46,842

1.5 Termination with service of less than 1 year

If you are terminated before the completion of One year of service, you are not eligible for Gratuity. This is the basic rule of Gratuity Calculation.

1.6 Termination with service of more than 1 year and less than 3 years

If you have been terminated from your employment, with a service between 1 and 3 years, you are eligible for 21 day’s basic salary for each year worked.

Illustration:

  • Joining date 1-1-2010
  • End date 31-03-2012
  • Basic Salary 5,000/- per month
  • Basic Salary per day =Basic Salary X 12/365=164.38
  • Total no of days worked=Joining Date-End Date=821
  • Total no of years worked=Total no of days worked/365=2.25
  • 21 days’ Basic Salary=Basic Salary per day X 21 days=3452.05
  • Gratuity Amount=Total no of years worked*21 days’ Basic Salary=7,764.76

1.7 Termination with service of more than 3 years and less than 5 years

If you have been terminated with a total service of between 3 and 5 years, you are eligible for 21 day’s basic salary for each year of service.

Illustration:

  • Joining date 1-1-2010
  • End date 31-03-2014
  • Basic Salary 5,000/- per month
  • Basic Salary per day =Basic Salary X 12/365=164.38
  • Total no of days worked=Joining Date-End Date=1551
  • Total no of years worked=Total no of days worked/365=4.25
  • 21 days’ Basic Salary=Basic Salary per day X 21 days=3452.05
  • Gratuity Amount=Total no of years worked*21 days’ Basic Salary=14,668.87

1.8 Termination with service of more than 5 years

If you have been terminated or fired from your employment under unlimited contract with more than 5 years’ of service, you shall be eligible for 21 day’s basic salary for the first five years and 30 day’s basic salary for each year of service after five years.

Illustration:

  • Joining date 1-1-2008
  • End date 31-03-2014
  • Basic Salary 5,000/- per month
  • Basic Salary per day =Basic Salary X 12/365= 164.38
  • Total no of days worked=Joining Date-End Date= 2282
  • Total no of years worked=Total no of days worked/365=6.25
  • 21 days’ Basic Salary=Basic Salary per day X 21 days= 3452.05
  • 30 days’ Basic Salary=Basic Salary per day X 30 days= 4,931.51
  • Gratuity Amount=up to 5 years=21 days salary+30 days salary after 5 years
  • Total amount of Gratuity=23,434.79

Other benefits in case of termination:

  • Payments equivalent to accrued but un-utilised leave or any part thereof;
  • Payments for overtime or any wage due and not yet paid;
  • A notice period or payment due in lieu of the notice period which is mentioned in the employment agreement;
  • Repatriation expenses to the employee’s country of domicile as per the Labour Law or as stipulated in the employment agreement;
  • The compensation for unreasonable dismissal if the contract was terminated by the employer for unreasonable cause (generally to a maximum of three months).

Please also note that company has rights to deduct any advances, loans you have taken from the final gratuity amount.

2. Gratuity Calculation – Limited Contract

Under limited contract, if you have terminated the contract, meaning if you as employee resign within 5 years of service, you will not be eligible for gratuity. If you have a limited contract, Gratuity is slightly different in the labor law. The factor of 1/3rd or 2/3rd does not apply under limited contract. Everything else remains the same. Below I will try and explain it in various scenarios:

2.1 Resignation without completing your Limited Contract

If you have not completed your Limited Contract as mentioned in your Contract, you will not be eligible for Gratuity under Limited Contract. Meaning, if your limited contract is for a period of 2 years, and you have resigned from your job at 1 year and 2 months, you will not be eligible for any Gratuity. This is mentioned clearly in the UAE Labour Law Article 138. The only exception to this rule is that you resign under limited contract after completing 5 years of continuous service.

no-gratuity-if-you-resign-without-completing-limited-contract-uae-labor-law

2.2 Resignation after completing your Limited Contract with service of 1 to 5 years

If you have completed your limited contract and it is within 1 to 5 years, you are eligible for 21 day’s basic salary for each year of service.

Illustration:

  • Joining date: 1-1-2008
  • End date: 30-12-2012
  • Basic Salary: 5,000/- per month
  • Basic Salary per day = Basic Salary X 12/365=164.38
  • Total no of days worked=Joining Date-End Date=1826
  • Total no of years worked=Total no of days worked/365=5 years
  • 21 days’ Basic Salary=Basic Salary per day X 21 days=3452.05
  • Gratuity Amount=Total no of years worked*21 days’ Basic Salary=17,269.73

2.3 Resignation with service of more than 5 years of service

If you have completed more than 5 years of continuous service with your company and have resigned, then for the first 5 years you are eligible for 21 day’s basic salary and for service above 5 years, you are eligible for 30 day’s basic salary for every year of service.

Illustration:

  • Joining date: 1-1-2008
  • End date: 31-12-2013
  • Basic Salary: 5,000/- per month
  • Basic Salary per day =Basic Salary X 12/365=164.38
  • Total no of days worked=Joining Date-End Date=2192
  • Total no of years worked=Total no of days worked/365=6.01
  • 21 days’ Basic Salary=Basic Salary per day X 21 days=3452.05
  • 30 days’ Basic Salary=Basic Salary per day X 30 days(for above 5 years)=4931.4
  • Gratuity Amount=5*21 days’ Basic Salary + 1*30 days basic salary = 22,191.00

2.4 Termination with service of less than 1 year

If your length of service is less than 1 year and you have been terminated, then you are not eligible for any gratuity. However, you may be eligible for other benefits under limited contract.

2.5 Termination with service of more than 1 year

In case you are terminated from your services on Limited Contract with a service of more than 1 year up to 3 years, you are eligible for gratuity of 30 days for every year of service.

Illustration:

  • Joining date 1-1-2010
  • End date 31-03-2012
  • Basic Salary 5,000/- per month
  • Basic Salary per day =Basic Salary X 12/365=164.38
  • Total no of days worked=Joining Date-End Date=821
  • Total no of years worked=Total no of days worked/365=2.25
  • 30 21 days’ Basic Salary=Basic Salary per day X 30 21 days=3451.98
  • Gratuity Amount=Total no of years worked*30 21 days’ Basic Salary=7766.95

(There were errors in the calculation and have been corrected after feedback from readers. Thank you!)

What is the maximum Gratuity that you can get?

Under Article 132 of Labor Law, you can clearly read that the maximum gratuity amount can not exceed 2 years’ gross salary.

maximum gratuity amount uae

Do I get 3 month salary in case of termination?

Under Limited Contract, if you are terminated for any reason other than mentioned in Article 120, you are eligible for 3 month’s compensation or remuneration till the end of your remaining contract, whichever is shorter. This is covered in the Article 115 of the UAE Labour Law.

compensation-while-getting-fired-uae

When is gratuity not applicable?

Gratuity is not applicable in the following scenarios: (covered under Article 139)

when can employee not receive gratuity eosb

  1. If you are terminated or dismissed as per the provisions of Article 120 of UAE labour Law;
  2. If you leave work without serving notice period other than for factors under Article 121 under unlimited contract;
  3. If you leave or resign from limited contract before completion of 5 years.

Article 120 of UAE Labour Law

Read post on Article 120 – Termination Reasons

article 120 of uae labour law when can employer terminate employee

Article 121 of UAE Labour Law

Read Article on When you can Terminate Labour Contract as Employee

article 121 of uae labour law when can employee terminate labour contract

What should you do if your employer does not settle your lawful gratuity?

If you do not receive your gratuity or end of service remuneration, you could visit MOL or log on to their online portal to file a complaint of non-receipt of your gratuity.

As emphasised earlier, it makes all the sense for you to calculate and be satisfied with your gratuity calculation in case you are terminated or if you have resigned from your job. Many employers do take advantage of  their employees by falsifying the gratuity report.

Still having difficulty calculating your gratuity? Help is at hand. Please submit your request at the following link and I will calculate it for you. Link to Gratuity Calculator.

Source: Emirates Diary